Title: The effect of self-care training program on healing incision on women who undergoing cesarean section in shohada hospital in sarpol zahab city in 2017 Iran
Background: Cesarean section is the most common major surgical operation and disorders related to surgical scars healing are also one of the medical problems and given the effect and the role of self-care behaviors on accelerating scar healing.
Objectives this study tries to investigate the effect of self-care training program on healing cesarean section scar on women undergoing cesarean section
Patients and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental clinical trial on 72 women undergoing cesarean section in 2017 at Shohada hospital in Sarpol Zahab cit.Iran. Samples were randomly assigned to control and test groups. The mothers were given a surgical scar care instructional booklet and its content was given to a test group in a 60-minute face-to-face training session and the learning rate was also measured. Cesarean section scar healing was assessed 24 hours and 9 days after cesarean section using REEDA tools. Data were analyzed using SPSS (version 20) by means of standard deviation and mean, independent t-test, Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon and Friedman tests.
Results: The mean score of cesarean section scar healing 24 hours after surgery on test group was 1.39±1.39 and 1.92±1.60 on control group where there was no significant differences (P-value=0.135). while mean score of cesarean section scar healing 9 days after surgery on test group was 0.53±0.65 and 1.43±1.28 on control group which showed that there was significant differences (P-value<0.001).
Conclusions: Given the findings we can conclude that training self-care is effective on cesarean section wound healing rate. So it is recommended that this training be used for pregnant women undergoing cesarean section.