Title : Aging and Care : Family caregiver performance in Japan
A descriptive questionnaire survey of family caregivers was conducted in Japan. The mean age of the caregivers was 65.0 (SD=11.3) years. Of the caregivers, 73% were female and 95.4% of those utilized the long-term care insurance system. More than half of the caregivers received support from other family members, and these caregivers reported a significantly lower care burden than those not receiving such support. Of all caregivers, 21.4% reported feeling lonely, but half of these still wanted to continue performing caregiving at home. According to the results of the same survey conducted in Thailand, health status and mental health status of caregivers were better in Thailand than in Japan. The care burden of Thai caregivers was lower than that of Japanese and the proportion receiving support from friends and neighbors was higher in Thailand than in Japan. These results suggest that social connections strengthen caregivers? mental health status.