Title : Application-based Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES): An Implication to Self Care Behaviour of DM Type 2
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder that occurs for many years (chronic) caused by the pancreas not producing insulin in the amount according to the needs of the body. There is 4 (four) main pillars in the management of type 2 diabetes including education, nutritional therapy, physical exercise, and pharmacological interventions. One form of knowledge that has been widely noted to have a positive and significant impact on people with DM is Diabetes Self-Management Education and Support (DSMES). DSMES is more often given in 3 methods such as one-to-one, group-based, and telehealth. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of application-based DSMES on self-care behavior in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. This research was a quasi-experiment with pretest-posttest with control group design. The sample was 50 people with a simple random sampling technique. The statistics used are were the Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. The results showed that there was a significant increase in self-care behavior in the intervention group (p-value 0.05). This study concluded that application-based DSMES administration could improve the self-care behaviors possessed by patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Keywords: DSMES, DMT2, self-care behavior, Education program