Title : Development and psychometric properties evaluation of mutual benefits achievement scale in nursing academic-service partnership: A sequential exploratory mixed method study
Background: Partnership programs between educational and clinical institutes have been taken into account as golden solution to overcoming their challenges in recent years. The identification of mutual benefits of partners is the first step in organizing partnership. Organizing a partnership program based on these benefits guarantees its successful implementation and continuity; and the extent to which these benefits are gained is a criterion for measuring the success of partnership programs. Therefore, the present study aimed to design and evaluate psychometric properties of mutual benefits achievement scale in partnership programs between nursing school and educational hospitals.
Methods: This mixed methods sequential explanatory design study was conducted at nursing and midwifery school and educational hospitals of Mashhad. In the qualitative section of study, a hybrid model was used to analyze the concept of mutual benefits. At this stage, 59 papers were conducted for the literature review phase and 18 interviews for the field work phase with nurses, nursing clinical and academic managers. Data analysis was performed in both phases based on the qualitative content analysis. Results of the qualitative research section were utilized to produce items of scale. The face, content, and construct validity of scale was examined. Reliability of each factor and the whole scale was also assessed.
Results: Three identified properties for the concept of mutual benefits in partnership programs between nursing school and educational hospitals were based on findings of the qualitative section of study, the synergy in training and empowering efficient human resources for nursing, nursing dynamics in science and practice, and the production and use of beneficial knowledge into practice. Items of the primary scale were designed based on results of the qualitative study. After completing the face and content validity, a scale with 68 items was evaluated in terms of construct validity. The final scale contained 44 items in six factors including research synergy, managers' synergy in the student education, improvement of nursing staff, and improvement of nursing management and development of nursing services, reducing the theory-practice gap, and access to the supportive learning environment. The content validity index of 0.97, Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.95, and internal consistency of 0.76 were obtained for the final scale.
Conclusion: According to results of the present study, mutual benefits in partnership programs between nursing school and educational hospitals focused on partners' important concerns about optimal human resource education, the development of applied research, and the improvement of quality nursing care. Based on these findings, educational and clinical managers can organize purposeful partnership programs. Also the mentioned scale can be used to measure the success rate of partnership programs in nursing.