Title : Effect of Risk Factor Modification Program (RFMP) on high risk adolescents
Background: Early awareness and preventive measures will help to reduce the incidence of CAD and myocardial infarction among the young adults which is in a rising trend. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of RFMP regarding (CAD) on high risk adolescents in selected schools of Mumbai. Methods: A descriptive one group pretest post time series design approach was used for the study. 750 students answered a self-reported questionnaire. 255 students were identified with the risk factors and divided in 3 risk groups based on which interventions was given to them (booklet, Diet, physical activity) over a period of three months. Descriptive and Inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: It was observed that the scores in the post test of the students had improved markedly in all the areas of CAD after the RFMP. It was seen that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge and practice scores of the high risk group adolescents due to the use of information booklet and the RFMP hence proving its effectiveness. Conclusion: The RFMP & booklet was helpful in creating awareness among the students regarding CAD and its preventive measures and is a effective method in spreading of information among the students
Take away notes:
As per the World Health Organization, Coronary Vascular Disease (CVDs) are the number one cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVDs than from any other cause. As per AHA statistical update, American Heart Association, (2015) i.e. heart disease and stroke statistics – 2015 update, A report from American Heart Association The most up-to-date data on national prevalence of ideal, intermediate, and poor levels of each of the seven cardiovascular health metrics are shown for adolescents and teens 12 to 19 years of age and for adults ≥20 years of age. The primary prevention for the disease should start from the early stage.
This study will help the audience to understand the need of the hour and create awareness among the students so that early precautions can be taken and the disease can be prevented. Students would face difficulty in understanding the pathology of a disease condition if taught in traditional lecture method. Also it will be difficult to gain their attention and make them realize the severity of the condition.
Different teaching learning methodology can be developed so that it is easy for the students to understand and awareness can be created among them about CAD.
This research can help to prepare younger generation so that they will take prevention from diseases by early primary care. RFMP can be studied further and made part of the basic education curriculum.