Title : Faculty and student perception of cultural competence and its implication in nursing research
Cultural competence is essential for nurses. Nursing Faculty must demonstrate the effective application of knowledge, skills and attitudes to practice safely and effectively to the students. Cultural competence in research is necessary to ensure ethically safe and culturally relevant research is carried out. This mixed methods study was to assess the effect of cultural competence training on self assessment of nursing faculty and students as well as explore their perceptions regarding cultural competence and its implications in nursing research . A convenience sample of 29 nursing faculty and 20 postgraduate students was included. Focus group discussion and structured questionnaire was used to assess the perception and knowledge respectively. Cultural competency training curriculum was developed to meet specified goals of understanding culturally competent care and implications in nursing research. A two hour teaching intervention was conducted for faculty and students related to cultural competence and its implication in nursing research. Participants completed the Cultural competence self assessment checklist before and after the training. An increase in the cultural competence self assessment score was observed after cultural competence training (P<0.05). the participants were divided into four groups for Focus group discussions. Separate groups were made students and faculty. Common themes emerging from Focus group discussions were effective communication. barriers to cultural competence, Inclusion in curriculum, Supervised practice, participant issues in research and resources available. A critical examination of the nursing research curriculum is required to enhance adequacy of content in terms of inclusion of Cultural competency and cross cultural study methods. Nurses need to be culturally competent, i.e. demonstrate the effective application of knowledge, skills and attitudes to practice safely and effectively in a multicultural society.