Title : Knowledge of continuous positive airway pressure machine usage among nurses at muhimbili national hospital, Tanzania
Background: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) provides air pressure on a constant basis to maintain open airways. CPAP is indicated for patients who have breathing problems. Research has found nurses have an important role in caring for patients receiving CPAP .The aim of this study was to assess knowledge regarding CPAP machine usage among nurses at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar es Salaam.Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was performed to assess the Registered Nurses’ knowledge about CPAP machines at MNH, fromMarch to June 2019.A non-probability (purposive) sampling method was used to assess 149 nurses working in various departments. Data was collected using structured questionnaires and analysis was done using SPSS version 20. P-value<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant .Results: A total of 149 nurses were recruited and the majority of study participants were females (53.7%), with female to male ratio being 1.16:1. The predominant age group was 26-35 years and the highest level of education among nurses was diploma. Most nurses had fair level of knowledge on CPAP. The study found no significant association between nurses’ knowledge and demographics of characteristics being studied. Conclusion and Recommendations: Majority of nurses in this study had fair knowledge on CPAP device use and most of them had attended only a single training session on CPAP device use. This highlights the importance of regular in-service training for nurses who are handling patients requiring CPAP during their course of treatment. The curriculum of nursing students should include information about management of a CPAP device, so that the graduating nurses are well equipped with knowledge on the use of this device.