Title : Prevalence of Hyperuricemia and its Association with Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adult Yemeni People of Sana’a City
Objective: Hyperuricemia is a metabolic problem that has become increasingly common worldwide over the past several decades. Its prevalence is increased in both advanced and developing countries including Yemen. The aim of this cross sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of hyperuricemia in sample of Yemeni adult individual and its relationship to certain cardiovascular risk factors namely obesity, hypertension, serum glucose, total cholesterol, high serum triglyceride, Low High Density Lipoprotein (HDL-C) and high Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL-C).
Methodology: A sample of 600 adult Yemeni people aged equal or over 18 years was randomly chosen to represent the population living in Sana’a City during a period of 16 months from April 2017 to August 2018. All the study groups undergo full clinical history and examination includes measurement of BP and BMI, WC and the following laboratory investigation (FBS, Basal serum uric acid level, total cholesterol, serum TG, HDL and LDL).
Results: The prevalence of hyperuricemia in this study was 8.8% (11.6% male and 6.4% female). The serum uric acid level in this study was significantly correlated with age, Waist Circumference (WC), SBP, DBP, FBS, T-cholesterol, TG and LDL but not with HDL.
Conclusion: There is strong relationship between serum uric acid level and other cardiovascular risk factors.