Title : Relationship of Frequency of Flood Exposure and Flood Preparedness
Rationale of the Study: Flood hazards are a serious threat to the stability and sustainability of communities around the world. Many researches claimed that people had considerable knowledge, understanding of local area, and experiences on flood risk, yet still had not considered themselves vulnerable. Understanding hazard risk perceptions in a post disaster context is therefore important because attitudes and choices about risk shape how individuals, groups, and public and private-sector organizations adopt risk mitigation practices, how they respond to post disaster rebuilding activities, and how they plan for future disasters.
Research objectives/problem statement: This study aims to identify the frequency of flood exposure among families in the community and determine its relationship to flood preparedness.
Methods: The investigators used descriptive correlational design to examine the relationship of the variables and had a total of 85 individuals qualified in the inclusion criteria (Individuals ages 18-65 years old; Permanent resident of the selected areas in Quezon city; Willing to participate in the data collection procedure). The instrument utilized includes a 3-point scale (3-yes; 2-unsure; 1-no) flood preparedness questionnaire with an alpha=.80 reliability. The correlation was measured using Pearson R from the statistical analysis of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) ver.19.0.
Results and Conclusions:
With the total 85 samples, the mean frequency of flood exposure within the past 10 years is 37.2118 and the mean flood preparedness scale is 2.1649. Evidently, the mean of flood preparedness scale is between 2 to 3 scales which means that flood preparedness of the samples is either unsure or prepared. Furthermore, results on frequency of flood exposure and flood preparedness reveals negative correlation at coefficient r = -.097 and is not statistically significant when set at 95% confidence or at an α level of .05 evidenced by the value .378. The investigators then concluded that in order for preparedness actions to take place, first people need to be aware of the hazards and consequently perceive them as critical or salient issues within their community.
Specific recommendations: Generally, findings of this study may orient disaster preparedness initiatives. It provided insights how disaster preparedness can be developed and improved. Investigators suggest conducting interviews from medical field and natural disaster experts from local and international connections to have a broader view on the issue and collaborate with government units in organizing focused sessions that is dedicated in discussing flood preparedness.The study showed that risk perception propels individuals to prepare for disasters, which can probably be used as basis in organizing information campaigns.