Title : Universal Health Coverage and it's challenges in Nepal
Universal healthcare (also called universal health coverage, universal coverage, or universal care) is a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all residents of a particular country or region. It is organized around providing a specified package of benefits to all members of a society with the end goal of providing financial risk protection, improved access to health services, and improved health outcomes. Universal Health Coverage (UHC) means that all people and communities can use the promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health services they need, of sufficient quality to be effective, while ensuring that the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship.
UHC cuts across all of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and brings hope of better health and protection for the world’s poorest.
Universal Health Coverage (UHC) has a direct impact on a population’s health and welfare. Access to health services enables people to be more productive and active contributors to their families and communities. It also ensures that children can go to school and learn. Financial risk protection prevents people from being pushed into poverty when they have to pay for health services out of their own pockets. Universal health coverage, requiring coverage with needed health services and with financial risk protection, is thus a critical component of sustainable development and poverty reduction, and a key element of any effort to reduce social inequities. Universal coverage is the hallmark of a government’s commitment to improve the wellbeing of all its citizens.
Nepal has focused on the formulation of national policies that encapsulate the vision for Universal Health Coverage to ensure integrated people-centered services and to develop and or strengthen policies for improving the quality of education and training, recruitment, retention and deployment. The Universal Health Coverage and Primary Health care and build technical capacity ensuring quality through continuing professional developmental programs. The health service in Nepal also has tried to assess the gap between the need for a health workforce, actual supply, geographical distribution and the population’s demand for health services. The national and International stakeholders in health are to be more focused in the basic health services in difficult geographical area living populations support interventions that lead to improve access to health care services. Develop strategies that support the creation of links between public, non-governmental and private sector to minimize barriers of access to health services in rural and remote or hard to reach areas.