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3rd Edition of

Singapore Nursing Research Conference

March 16-18, 2023 | Singapore

Nursing 2023

Jane Murray

Speaker at Singapore Nursing Research Conference 2023 - Jane Murray
Northumbria University, United Kingdom

Title : Reflecting on the therapeutic value of telling lies to patients with Dementia.


Wholetruth, untruths and lies was an ethnographic study of communication between professional caregivers and people with dementia, which lead to the development of a Taxonomy of Lies and the Lie ARM (Affective Reflective Model). The aim of the two tools, is to help people reflect on their communication practices and consider if the lies that they tell are therapeutic. The Taxonomy helps people to think about specific elements of their communication in an objective way. The Lie ARM then prompts them to think about how the communication was made; was it genuine? What was the motivation? Did it validate the patients’ emotions? It is the affective domains that have ultimately been shown to have the biggest impact on the receiver, that is, the person with dementia. Motivation and genuineness are key elements in validating a person’s emotions and delivering a therapeutic interaction.

This presentation will discuss the key themes in the Taxonomy of Lies and demonstrate how the Lie ARM can be used to develop practice by meeting the needs of people with dementia in a kinder, more person-centred way.


Her main areas of interest are older persons mental health, particularly dementia and its’ associated issues. She teaches these topics across the pre and post registration nursing curriculums, as well as teaching onto the social work and other allied professional courses. Jane has also taught extensively into Malaysia and Borneo, focussed on both mental health and the older person and contemporary issues in Malaysian healthcare. She also teaches in Shanghai at the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Her other main area of interest is simulation in mental health. Jane is the lead for simulation in mental health at Northumbria, and has also developed a specific reflective tool for using in this area of teaching and learning, called ECoDEL – the Emotional and Cognitive Debrief for Enhanced Learning. This was recommended by the CNO for GB as an example of good practice in 2012. Since developing ECoDEL, Jane has spoken about simulation in mental health and the development of ECoDEL, both nationally and internationally, including the UK, Malaysia and North America. Jane is currently promoting the use of ECoDEL and simulation across other areas of education for mental health professionals.