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4th Edition of

Singapore Nursing Research Conference

March 21-23, 2024 | Singapore

Nursing 2023

Law Tsui Yuk

Speaker at Singapore Nursing Research Conference 2023 - Law Tsui Yuk
Hong Kong Metropolitan University, Hong Kong

Title: The effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme for parents of children with ADHD: A feasibility study


Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme is an evidence-based intervention supported by extensive research showing its effectiveness in reducing stress, anxiety and depression and promoting well-being. However, it has not been evaluated in parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This group of parents is considered to be the highest risk group for parenting stress. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of MBSR programme in reducing parenting stress and enhance well-being of the parents of children with ADHD. The feasibility of using this intervention in Chinese parents are also assessed.

Methods and design:
The effectiveness of the 8-week MBSR programme for reducing parental stress among parents of children with ADHD was assessed by pre-test and post-test comparisons. Eighteen parents (n=18) of children with ADHD had recruited from one of the Parent Resource Centre. The primary outcome measures included parenting stress, sense of well-being and quality of life (Perceived Stress Scale, Parenting Stress Scale, WHOQLO-BREF) among the parents of children with ADHD. The secondary outcome measure was the change of children’s ADHD behaviour (SWAN). Assessments were conducted at baseline and immediately after the 8-week intervention.

There was a statistically improvement on stress reduction after the 8-week MBSR programme especially on quality of life and parent-rated hyperactivity impulsivity of the children. The score of self-reported Perceived Stress Scale indicated significant reduction in self-perceived stress (p = 0.042) as well as the parenting stress (p = 0.009). Regarding the quality of life, significant post-intervention improvements were found (p = 0.001). For the children outcome measures (SWAN), significant improvement also found on post-intervention (p = 0.001).

Results indicated that MBSR may be an effective intervention in reducing perceived stress and parenting stress of the children with ADHD even without provided any intervention for their children. Further study may consider using biomarkers to validate the findings and support that MBSR in an intervention that feasible in various healthcare settings.

Audience Take Away:

  • Understand what is Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) programme.
  • Evaluate how MBSR could help in various groups of population.
  • It’s the trend to explore alternative non-pharmacological intervention in different groups of patient.
  • Biomarkers could be considered.


Miss Irene Law is a Registered Nurse in Psychiatric Nursing for over 20 years and experienced in nursing with elderly, substance abusers and community nursing for people with mental problems. She is currently working as a Senior Lecturer in university who is teaching nursing students in the subject of social sciences including the topics of stress & coping, counselling and psychotherapy. She is passionate to integrate mindfulness in her work on education and counselling. She practices mindfulness over 10 years and currently she is in completion of the doctoral programme by using the mindfulness as the topic of her dissertation.