Midwifery is a health study and profession that focuses on women's sexual and reproductive health throughout their lives, including pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including newborn care). Midwives were traditionally women who were mothers and became midwives after attending the births of their neighbors or family members. Midwifery practice is deeply rooted in culture around the world, and precise standards and education for midwives differ by country.
Women's health encompasses a broad array of gender-specific concerns, such as estrogen production, mental health, sexual health, and fertility issues. As their reproductive systems undergo enormous changes, women's mental and physical states shift dramatically. Changes in hormone levels after menopause can lead to health problems for certain women.